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Negative Attitudes Towards Robots Scale (NARS) Translations

Posted by on Mar 11, 2019 in Documentation, Research | 0 comments

Several people asked about translations to the original NARS questionnaire. I finally got around to put them together below. The questionnaire was used in our paper:

Bartneck, C., Nomura, T., Kanda, T., Suzuki, T., & Kennsuke, K. (2005). A cross-cultural study on attitudes towards robots. Proceedings of the HCI International, Las Vegas.



  1. もしロボットが本当に感情を持ったら不安だ。
  2. ロボットが生き物に近づくと、人間にとってよくないことがありそうな気がする。
  3. ロボットと会話すると、とてもリラックスできるだろう。
  4. 就職してロボットを利用するような職場にまわされるかもしれないと考えると、不安になる。
  5. ロボットが感情を持ったら、親しくなれるだろう。
  6. 感情的な動きをするロボットを見ると、気分がいやされる。
  7. ロボットと聞いただけで、もうお手上げの気持ちだ。
  8. 人が見ている前でロボットを利用すると、恥をかきそうだ。
  9. 人工知能とか、ロボットによる判断といった言葉を聞くと不愉快になる。
  10. 私は、ロボットの前に立っただけで、とても緊張してしまうだろう。
  11. ロボットに頼りすぎると、将来、何か良くないことが起こりそうな気がする。
  12. ロボットと会話をすると、とても神経過敏になるだろう。
  13. ロボットが子供の心に悪い影響を与えないか心配だ。
  14. これからの社会は、ロボットによって支配されてしまいそうな気がする。


Ihnen werden im Folgenden 14 Aussagen präsentiert, die Ihre Einstellung zu Robotern beschreibt. Bitte beurteilen Sie diese Sätze auf einer Skala von “Ich stimme vollständig zu” bis “Ich stimme nicht zu”. Es gibt keine richtige oder falsche Antwort, antworten Sie bitte spontan nach Ihrem ersten Eindruck.

  1. Ich würde mich unwohl fühlen, wenn Roboter wirkliche Gefühle hätten.
  2. Etwas Schlimmes könnte passieren, wenn sich Roboter in lebendige Wesen entwickeln würden.
  3. Ich würde mich entspannt fühlen ,wenn ich mit einem Roboter spräche.
  4. Ich würde mich unwohl fühlen, wenn ich einen Arbeitsplatz bekäme, an dem ich mit Robotern zusammenarbeiten müsste.
  5. Wenn Roboter Gefühle hätten, könnte ich mit Ihnen anfreunden.
  6. Ich fühle mich in Gegenwart von Robotern umsorgt.
  7. Das Wort “Roboter” hat keine Bedeutung für mich.
  8. Es würde mich nervös machen einen Roboter in Gegenwart von anderen zu bedienen.
  9. Ich würde es hassen wenn Roboter oder Künstliche Intelligenz Dinge beurteilen würden.
  10. Ich wäre bereits sehr nervös, wenn ich einfach nur vor einem Roboter stände.
  11. Ich glaube dass etwas Schlimmes passieren könnte, wenn ich zu sehr von Robotern abhängig wäre.
  12. Ich würde mich paranoid fühlen, wenn ich mit einem Roboter spräche.
  13. Ich bin besorgt, dass Roboter einen schlechten Einfluss auf Kinder haben könnten.
  14. Ich glaube, dass unsere Gesellschaft in Zukunft von Robotern dominiert wird.


In the following 14 sentences (statements) are presented to you, which describe your attitude towards robots. Please judge these sentences on scale from “I agree completely” to “I completely disagree”. There are no right or wrong answers, please answer spontaneously upon your first impression.

  1. I feel uneasy if a robot really has an emotion.
  2. Something horrible would happen, if a robot would evolve into living beings.
  3. I will be able to relax while talking to a robot.
  4. I would feel uncomfortable, coming to a working space, which would require me to work with a robot.
  5. If robots had feelings, I could become friends with them.
  6. I feel cared for in the presence of robots.
  7. The word “robot” does not have a meaning for me.
  8. I would feel nervous operating a robot in the presence of others.
  9. I would hate it, if robots or articial intelligence would judge things.
  10. I would already be nervous, just standing in front of a robots.
  11. I believe that something bad could happen, if I would be too dependent on robots
  12. I would feel paranoid, if I would talk to a computer
  13. I am worried, that robots could have a bad influence on my children.
  14. I believe, that our society will be dominated by robots in the future.



  1. 面对一个真的有情感的机器人,我会觉得不自在。
  2. 如果机器人进化成有生命的生物,后果可能不妙。
  3. 和机器人交谈我会觉得很放松。
  4. 如果我必须使用机器人来完成给定的工作,我会觉得不自在。
  5. 如果机器人有情感, 我会和它们交朋友。
  6. 和有情感的机器人在一起我会觉得很轻松自在。
  7. “机器人”这个词本身对我来说就涵义不清。
  8. 在别人面前操作机器人我会觉得紧张。
  9. 我讨厌由机器人或者人工智能对事物进行判断的想法。
  10. 仅仅站在机器人的跟前就会让我很紧张。
  11. 我觉得如果我过分依赖机器人,后果可能不妙。
  12. 和机器人交谈我觉得有些神经。
  13. 我担心机器人会对小孩有不好的影响。
  14. 我觉得可能将来的社会会被机器人所控制。


La feuille ci-après décrit 14 attitudes susceptibles d’être ressenties
par un être humain au contact d’un robot. Pour chaque attitude, veuillez choisir l’appréciation qui vous convient le plus: l’échelle va de ‘Totalement d’accord’ à ‘Je ne suis pas du tout d’accord’ Il n’y a pas de fausse réponse, veuillez seulement donner votre première impression, sans trop vous attarder sur chaque question.

  1. Cela me gênerait si les robots pouvaient avoir des émotions
  2. Si les robots devenaient des êtres vivants à part entière, cela pourrait avoir de graves conséquence
  3. Je me sentirais à l’aise en discutant avec un robot
  4. J’accepterais difficilement de travailler dans un environnement où j’aurais à coopérer avec des robots
  5. Si les robots pouvaient avoir des émotions, je pourrais nouer des relations amicales avec eux.
  6. Je pourrais être réconforté(e) par un robot ayant des émotions.
  7. Le mot robot ne représente rien à mes yeux
  8. L’idée de manipuler un robot devant d’autres personnes me rend nerveux(se)
  9. Je ne supporterais pas qu’un robot ou une intelligence artificielle puisse émettre un quelconque jugement.
  10. La simple idée de me retrouver face à robot me rend nerveux(se)
  11. J’ai l’impression qu’il pourrait m’arriver quelque chose de grave si je devenais trop dépendant des robots.
  12. Parler avec un robot me rendrait paranoïde.
  13. Je suis préoccupé par la mauvaise influence que pourraient avoir les robots sur les enfants.
  14. Je pense que la société de demain sera dominée par les robots.


A continuación Usted leerá 14 frases que describen actitudes frente a robots. Por favor, juzgue las frases dentro del rango “Completamente de acuerdo” a “Completamente en desacuerdo”. Ninguna respuesta es incorrecta, por lo que se le pide entregar su primera impresión lo más immediato posible.

  1. Me sentiría incómodo(a) si los robots tuvieran emociones.
  2. Algo malo podría ocurrir si los robots se convirtieran en seres vivientes.
  3. Me sentiría tranquilo(a) conversando con robots.
  4. Me sentiría incómodo(a) si obtengo un trabajo donde tuviera que usar robots.
  5. Si los robots tuvieran emociones yo podría hacer amistad con ellos.
  6. Es reconfortante el compartir con robots que tienen emociones.
  7. La palabra “robot” no significa nada para mí.
  8. Me sentiría nervioso(a) tener que manejar un robot en frente a otras personas.
  9. Odiaría la idea de que robots e inteligencia artificial realizaran juicios acerca de cosas.
  10. Me sentiría muy nervioso(a) con el sólo hecho de estar en frente a un robot.
  11. Siento que si dependo mucho de los robots algo malo podría ocurrir.
  12. Me sentiría paranoico(a) hablando con un robot.
  13. Estoy conciente que los robots podrían ejercer una mala influencia en los niños.
  14. Siento que nuestra sociedad en el futuro va a estar dominada por robots.
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Human-Robot Interaction Podcast

Posted by on Mar 11, 2019 in Project, Research | 0 comments

I started a new podcast series on Human-Robot Interaction. Have a look at the website to follow the latest episodes. I interview experts in the field and discuss technical, ethical and psychological issues around HRI.

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Racism and Robot Ethics

Posted by on Nov 13, 2018 in Research | 0 comments

I gave a presentation at the Robots & AI in Society Workshop at the Western Sydney University. I hope you enjoy my speech.


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LEGO Digital Crawler with EV3 Controlled Gear Box

Posted by on Oct 12, 2018 in Design, Featured, LEGO | 0 comments

LEGO Digital Crawler with EV3 Controlled Gear Box

This LEGO remote controlled crawler uses a sequential gearbox from Sariel and a Mindstorms EV3 to control the car. The remote control used force feedback and offers proportional control over speed and direction. It also allows you to change gears and change the forward and backward drive. The two EV3 Mindstorms communicate using Bluetooth. The remote uses two rotation sensors to measure speed and direction.

The building instructions are available for LEGO Digital Designer and Stud.io. Please notice that I had to replace the 35188 Technic Changeover Rotary Catch with another gear in the digital model and I could also not include Mindsensors Glide Wheel Rotation Sensor. These bricks do not yet exist in digital form. I also put up the model are ReBrickable and the inventory there is almost complete. Feel free to also use different wheels. In the LDD model I also had to use other shocks.

Here is a video that explains the model’s function:

And here is the crawler in action:



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Race3 Extreme Offroad Car

Posted by on Sep 6, 2018 in Design, LEGO | 0 comments

I built a new version of my Race cars series (Race1, Race2) with the logical name Race3. This time I am using the SBrick to control the car which gives its proportional steering control. This is great for driving curves. Race3 features individual suspension, ball bearings and a very low centre of gravity. You can drive it up and down pretty much any rock or mountain. Here is a video of what it can do.

And here are some photos of the model. Building instructions are also available. I also put up this MOC over at Rebrickable.

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Comparison of LEGO Render Tools

Posted by on Sep 6, 2018 in Design, LEGO | 1 comment

Building LEGO digitally has many advantages, such as having an unlimited number of bricks at your disposal. While these digital models can be shared it is also desirable to create a photorealistic rendering of the final model. There are currently three major software packages to build digital LEGO:

  • LEGO Digital Designer
    This is the most comfortable editor for all platforms, but LEGO’s support for this software is in doubt. The build in render engine is not the best, but you can use Bluerender that in turn uses PovRay for rendering your model.
  • LDraw
    Draw is the oldest software and it is maintained by the LEGO community. There are several different editor and render tools available.
  • Stud.io
    This software was developed by Bricklink and it uses LDraw for its parts and PovRay for the rendering. In its newest Beta version Stud.io is using a new render engine called Eyesight.
  • Mecabrick
    This online software runs in your browser and you need to pay for having your image rendered on theirs server farm. They did not have the L-Motor in their library and hence I could not render my model there.

So lets compare the results of the render engines. Below you find the rendered images of all software packages set to their maximum quality level. I also uploaded these images to Flickr. It is very clear that the new rendering engine from Stud.io is far superior to all other rendering engines and this alone might motivate you to adopt this software as your default LEGO digital design tool.

It is also interesting to notice how efficient Stud.io uses the computers computing power to render. Here is a screenshot of my CPU load during rendering:

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Do it!

Posted by on Sep 4, 2018 in Culture, Design | 0 comments

Matt Matt Groening’s new show Disenchantment is entertaining and one of my favourite characters is Luci, Princess Bean’s personal demon spoken by Eric Andre. So I created a little t-shirt for you to enjoy. You can order it over at Threadless.

Luci the personal demon of princess bean from disenchantment

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